I live in the south, where the weather is hot for most of the year. In this type of soil and climate, the “easier” crops are squash, green beans, bell peppers, jalapenos, and lettuce. But in colder climates and mountainous areas, potatoes are better. In tropical areas, many fruits grow like weeds. You just have do a little research.
And you can easily get these answers by going down to your local home improvement store, finding someone (passionate) in the gardening section, and asking them about the more successful crops for your area.
But I don’t want to stop there, because there are a few things that are pretty consistent regardless of the climate, soil or crop you are working with. So here are a few good tips that work for virtually any crop.
Make Sure to Till the Soil Well
I have mentioned using a tiller from a local home improvement store, and that can certainly work as long as you go over the area very well (perhaps even two or three times). But if you have a smaller area, and have the time to work, I would recommend using a hand spade.
You can dig down a little further, and then turn the soil completely over. This puts the grass, leaves, etc. that are the top of the ground now a good one foot under the surface. This serves as some great fertilizer for your new crop.
Make Sure Your Garden Gets Enough Sun
Just as plants need water, they also need sun. This is another one that is somewhat intuitive, however, you need to plan well where you place your garden. I had a tough situation in the past. I had lots of trees in my backyard that provided great shade, but made it tough to place a garden. I didn’t want to place it right in the center of the backyard, because that would decrease my ability to use the backyard for other things.
Use Fertilizer, and If Possible, this Natural Fertilizer
Yes, you can buy fertilizer at your home improvement store, but what about using natural fertilizer? A little trick I learned from my grandfather. If you have trees in your yard, you’ll probably have lots of dead leaves on the ground during the fall.
Gather up those dead leaves, and instead of discarding them, lay a nice thick layer of them on your garden. Then, in the spring, as those leaves have decomposed, you can turn them over, and they become natural’s great fertilizer. And, they don’t cost you any money!
Use Sufficient Water for Your Crops
Some plants need more water than others, but they all need it. I know this one goes without saying, but sometimes life gets in the way, but you must not forget to water your garden. It would be a shame to do the work, only to lose it to lack of water. Also, check with the folks in the gardening section to find out just how much water your crops need.
So with a little planning, and watching how the sunlight hit at different time during the day, I was able to place the garden along the side of the fence, but mostly in the clear so my garden could get good sunlight.
These are just a few solid tips that will help in any typical garden situation. But again, check with the local experts, and even research further online for help in providing the optimal conditions for the crops you want to harvest. I didn’t do enough research on my latest attempt, and got mixed results! As you can see from the picture, my squash did well, but there are bare spots there where getting my tomatoes started just didn’t work as well. I hope you do better in your garden!